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Archive for November, 2010

sc command to create or delete a service

26 November 2010 1 comment

Create or Delete A Service
Services are added from the Command Prompt. You need to know the actual service name as opposed to what Microsoft calls the Display Name. For example, if you wanted to create or delete the Help and Support service, the name used at the Command Prompt would be “helpsvc” rather than the Display Name of “Help and Support”. The actual service name can be obtained by typing services.msc in Run on the Start Menu and then double clicking the Display Name of the service. Once you know the name;

To Create A Service

  • Start | Run and type cmd in the Open: line. Click OK.
  • Type: sc create <service name>
  • Reboot the system

To Delete A Service

  • Start | Run and type cmd in the Open: line. Click OK.
  • Type: sc delete <service name>
  • Reboot the system

 


If you prefer to work in the registry rather than through the command prompt to delete services;

  • Click Start | Run and type regedit in the Open: line. Click OK.
  • Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services
  • Scroll down the left pane, locate the service name, right click it and select Delete.
  • Reboot the system
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Apple I

Apple I

The Apple I, also known as the Apple-1, was an early personal computer. They were designed and hand-built by Steve Wozniak. Wozniak’s friend Steve Jobs had the idea of selling the computer. The Apple I was Apple‘s first product, demonstrated in April 1976 at the Homebrew Computer Club in Palo Alto, California.

Apple I computer

 

History

The Apple I went on sale in July 1976 at a price of $666.66, because Wozniak liked repeating digits and because they originally sold it to a local shop for $500 and added a one-third markup. About 200 units were produced. Unlike other hobbyist computers of its day, which were sold as kits, the Apple I was a fully assembled circuit board containing about 60+ chips. However, to make a working computer, users still had to add a case, power supply transformers, power switch, ASCII keyboard, and composite video display. An optional board providing a cassette interface for storage was later released at a cost of $75.

Excerpt from the later Apple II ‘Red’ manual, including Steve Wozniak‘s handwritten diagrams for the definition of shape tables

The Apple I’s built-in computer terminal circuitry was distinctive. All one needed was a keyboard and an inexpensive television set. Competing machines such as the Altair 8800 generally were programmed with front-mounted toggle switches and used indicator lights (red LEDs, most commonly) for output, and had to be extended with separate hardware to allow connection to a computer terminal or a teletypewriter machine. This made the Apple I an innovative machine for its day. In April 1977 the price was dropped to $475. It continued to be sold through August 1977, despite the introduction of the Apple II in April 1977, which began shipping in June of that year. Apple had dropped the Apple 1 from its price list by October 1977, officially discontinuing it.

As of 2008, an estimated 30 to 50 Apple I computers are still known to exist, making it a very rare collector’s item. An Apple I reportedly sold for $50,000 USD at auction in 1999, with another apparently selling in 2009 for $17,500; however, a more typical price for an Apple I is in the $14,000–$16,000 range. In November 2009 the Apple I with serial number 82 was listed on eBay with a starting bid of $50,000 but it is unreported as to whether the computer was actually sold on that occasion. However, in November 2010, this same Apple I (with serial number 82) sold for $178,000 ($213,600 including the ‘buyer’s premium’) at Christie’s auction house in London , making it by far the highest price paid for this model to date, at £133,250 ($210,000). The high value of this particular example is likely due to the rare documents and packaging offered in the sale rather than the computer itself; namely (and amongst others) the original packaging (with the return label showing Steve Jobs’ parents address, the original Apple Computer Inc ‘headquarters’ being their garage), a personally typed and signed letter from Jobs (answering technical questions about the computer) and the original invoice showing ‘Steven’ as the salesman.

Emulators, clones, and replicas
A software-compatible clone of the Apple I (Replica 1) produced using modern components, was released in 2003 at a price of around $200. Other replicas and do-it-yourself kits and instructions are available. The Multi Emulator Super System emulator also supports the Apple I.

 

Apple I computer sells for $174K at London auction (Tuesday, November 23, 2010)

A rare example of Apple’s first computer, the Apple I, in “superb” condition sold for $174,000 at an auction in London on Tuesday. Italian businessman and private collector Marco Boglione made the winning bid, which came to about $210,000 after tax, by phone Tuesday at Christie’s auction house in London, the Associated Press reports. Prior to the auction, Christie’s estimated the computer would sell for between $160,000-240,000. When it was released in 1976, the Apple I sold for $666.66.

 

Categories: Curious News

Martin Cooper the inventor of first mobile phone

26 November 2010 1 comment

Martin Cooper (inventor)


Martin Cooper (born December 26, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) is a former Motorola vice president and division manager who in the 1970s led the team that developed the handheld mobile phone (as distinct from the car phone). Cooper is the CEO and founder of ArrayComm, a company that works on researching smart antenna technology and improving wireless networks, and was the corporate director of Research and Development for Motorola. 

Career

Career After World War II, Cooper left the navy and began working at Teletype, a subsidiary of Western Electric. In 1954, he was hired by Motorola. While working there he attended classes and studied at night. By 1957, he had earned his Master’s Degree in electrical engineering from theIllinois Institute of Technology, and taught night school classes at that university.

In 1960, John F. Mitchell became chief engineer of Motorola’s mobile communications projects and Cooper reported to Mitchell. In the 1960s Cooper was instrumental in turning pagers from a technology used in single buildings to one that stretched across cities. Cooper helped fix a flaw in the quartz crystals Motorola made for its radios. This encouraged the company to mass-produce the first crystals for use in wrist watches. Cooper worked on developing portable products, including the first portable handheld police radios, made for the Chicago police department in 1967.
In the early 1970s, Mitchell put Cooper in charge of its car phone division where he led Motorola’s cellular research. Cooper envisioned mobile phones that would be used not only in a car, but also small and light enough to be portable. Thanks to years of research and development in portable products directed by Cooper and new technologies from all over the company, when the pressure was on, it took only 90 days in 1973 to create the first portable cellular 800 MHz phone prototype.

World’s first handheld cellular phone call in public
In 1973, when Motorola installed a base station to handle the first public demonstration of a phone call over the cellular network, the company was trying to persuade the Federal Communications Commission to allocate frequency space to private companies for use in the emerging technology of cellular communications. After some initial testing in Washington for the F.C.C., Cooper and Motorola took the cellular phone technology to New York to demonstrate it to reporters and the public. On April 3, 1973, standing on Sixth Avenue in New York City near the New York Hilton hotel, Cooper made a phone call from a prototype Dyna-Tac handheld cellular phone before going to a press conference upstairs in the hotel. The phone connected Cooper with the base station on the roof of the Burlington House (now the Alliance Capital Building) across the street from the hotel and into the AT&T land-line telephone system. As reporters and passers-by watched, he dialed the number and held the phone to his ear. That first call, placed to Dr. Joel S. Engel, head of research at Bell Labs, began a fundamental technology and communications market shift toward making phone calls to a person instead of to a place. This first phone weighed about 2.5 lb (1.1 kg). It was the product of Cooper’s vision for personal wireless handheld telephone communications, distinct from mobile car phones. Cooper has stated in jest that watching Captain Kirk using hiscommunicator on the television show Star Trek inspired him to develop the handheld mobile phone.
After demonstrating the prototype cell phone to reporters, Cooper allowed some of the reporters to make phone calls to anyone of their choosing to prove that the cell phone could function as a versatile part of the telephone network.
Cooper is considered the inventor of the first handheld cellular phone and the first person to make a phone call in public on a handheld cell phone. Cooper and the engineers who worked for him, and Mitchell are named on the patent “Radio telephone system” filed on October 17, 1973.

Commercializing the product
The original Motorola DynaTAC handset, weighed 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) and had 35 minutes of talk time. Cooper has said “The battery lifetime was 20 minutes, but that wasn’t really a big problem because you couldn’t hold that phone up for that long.”[11] By 1983 and after four iterations, Cooper’s team had reduced the handset’s weight by half that of the original. The list price was around $4,000 (2009: $8,600). Cooper left Motorola before they started selling handheld mobile phones to consumers.

Cellular Business Systems
Cooper started a company with partners to provide billing systems for cellular operators. In 1986, they sold the company to Cincinnati Bell for $23m.

Jitterbug
In 2006, Cooper and his wife, Arlene Harris, founded GreatCall maker of Jitterbug, a U.S. mobile virtual wireless operator (in cooperation with the Verizon network). The company provides mobile telephone service carried on its own brand of handsets, which are marketed specifically to those looking for simplicity.

DynaLLC
To make a home base, Cooper and his wife Arlene Harris founded Dyna in 1987, (www.dynallc.com) to provide a home base for their various development and support acitivities incubating several businesses including GreatCall-Jitterbug, SOS Wireless, Accessible Wireless, ArrayComm, and Subscriber Computing. The jitterbug was created for the use of elderly folk that can’t hear as well.

Awards and affiliations
In 1995, Cooper received the Wharton Infosys Business Transformation Award for his technological innovations in the communication field. Cooper is also a member of Mensa. Martin Cooper was mentioned in Red Herring’s Top ten Entrepreneurs of 2000. In 2009, along with Raymond Tomlinson, Cooper received the Prince of Asturias Award for scientific and technical research. In February 2010, Cooper was elected to the National Academy of Engineering .

Categories: Curious News

Mp3Tag

Mp3Tag

Mp3Tag is a simple tool for editing the ID3-tags, the program supports the freedb database, and automatically searches for information about selected files.

Mp3tag supports the following audio formats:

  • Advanced Audio Coding (aac)
  • Free Lossless Audio Codec (flac)
  • Monkey’s Audio (ape)
  • Mpeg Layer 3 (mp3)
  • MPEG-4 (mp4 / m4a / m4b / iTunes compatible)
  • Musepack (mpc)
  • Ogg Vorbis (ogg)
  • OptimFROG (ofr)
  • OptimFROG DualStream (ofs)
  • Speex (spx)
  • Tom’s Audio Kompressor (tak)
  • True Audio (tta)
  • Windows Media Audio (wma)
  • WavPack (wv)

Main features:

  • Write ID3v1.1-, ID3v2-, APEv2-Tags and Vorbis Comments to multiple files at once
  • Full Unicode support
  • Support for embedded cover art
  • Automatically create playlists
  • Recursive subfolders support
  • Remove parts or the entire tag of multiple files
  • Rename files based on the tag information
  • Import tags from filenames
  • Format tags and filenames
  • Replace characters or words from tags and filenames
  • Regular Expressions
  • Export tag information to user-defined formats (like html, rtf, csv, xml)
  • Import tag information from online databases like freedb or Amazon (also by text-search)
  • Import tag information from local freedb databases
  • Support for ID3v2.3 (ISO-8859-1 and UTF-16) and ID3v2.4 with UTF-8
  • and much more …

OS: Windows XP/2003/Vista/2008/7

License: Freeware

Homapage: http://mp3tag.de/en/index.html

Download: http://download.freewarefiles.com/files/mp3tagv247asetup.exe

Speccy

22 November 2010 1 comment

Speccy

Speccy is an advanced System Information tool for your PC. Need to find out what’s inside your computer? No problem! Speccy will give you all the information you need.

What’s in your computer? If you’re like most of us, you can probably name the processor (Intel or AMD, Celeron or Pentium), maybe how much RAM it has, and maybe how big the hard drive is.

When you go to a computer store and see all the bright shiny PCs laid out next to each other, most will have tags or stickers indicating the:

  • Processor brand and model
  • Hard drive size and speed
  • Amount of memory (RAM)
  • Graphics card
  • Operating system

Two or three years later, when it comes time to upgrade your computer, that tag or sticker may be long gone. Speccy was designed as a free electronic “what’s inside” sticker for your PC.

Isn’t this information in Windows?

Yes and no. Some of the basic information can be found by right-clicking My Computer and then clicking Properties. The General tab lists some statistics, and the Device Manager on the Hardware tab lists all of the hardware you’ve got installed. But it misses out lots of information that you need.

Speccy will give you detailed statistics on every piece of hardware in your computer. Including CPU, Motherboard, RAM, Graphics Cards, Hard Disks, Optical Drives, Audio support. Additionally Speccy adds the temperatures of your different components, so you can easily see if there’s a problem!

Why do I need Speccy?

At first glance, Speccy may seem like an application for system administrators and power users. It certainly is, but Speccy can also help normal users, in everyday computing life.

If you need to add more memory to your system, for example, you can check how many memory slots your computer has and what memory’s already installed. Then you can go out and buy the right type of memory to add on or replace what you’ve already got.

If you’re going to be selling your PC, you can use Speccy to quickly list out the components. Or, if you’re buying a PC, you can use Speccy to check that the computer has what the label says it has.

Also, Speccy comes in handy for support. If you’re on the phone with technical support and they want to know what video card you have installed, there’s no need to hunt around Windows. Speccy has all the information on one easy-to-understand screen.

License: Freeware

Homepage: http://www.piriform.com/speccy

Download: http://www.piriform.com/speccy/download/standard

Paint.NET

Paint.NET

Paint.NET è un software di manipolazione immagini, scritto in C#, freeware ma con funzioni proprie di software commerciali, come la possibilità di usare layers.

FEATURES:

  • Simple, intuitive user interface.
    • Every feature and user interface element was designed to be immediately intuitive and quickly learnable without assistance. It is also designed to be immediately familiar to users of the original MS Paint software
      that comes with Windows.
  • Layers
    • Usually only found on expensive or complicated professional software, layers form the basis for a rich image composition experience. You may think of them as a stack of transparency slides that, when viewed together at the same time, form one image.
  • Powerful Tools
    • Paint.NET includes simple tools for drawing shapes, including an easy-to-use curve tool for drawing splines or Bezier curves. The Gradient tool, new for 3.0, has been cited as a huge improvement over similar tools provided by other software. The facilities for creating and working with selections
      is powerful, yet still simple enough to be picked up quickly. Other powerful tools include the Magic Wand for selecting regions of similar color, and the Clone Stamp for copying or erasing portions of an image. There is also a simple text editor, a tool for zooming, and a Recolor tool.
  • Unlimited History
    • Everybody makes mistakes, and everybody changes their mind. To accommodate this, every action you perform on an image is recorded in the History window and may be undone. Once you’ve undone an action, you can also redo it. The length of the history is only limited by available disk space.
  • Special Effects
    • Many special effects are included for perfecting your images. Everything from blurring, sharpening, red-eye removal, distortion, noise, and embossing are included. Also included is our unique 3D Rotate/Zoom effect that makes it very easy to add perspective and tilting. Adjustments are also included which help you tweak an image’s brightness, contrast, hue, saturation, curves, and levels. You can also convert an image to black and white, or sepia-toned.
  • Open Source and Free
    • Paint.NET is provided free-of-charge, and the source code (all 133,000 lines of it) is also available for free under generous licensing terms. The bulk of Paint.NET is written in C#, with only a small amount of code
      related to setup and shell-integration written in C++.
  • Changes in Paint.NET 3.5.6:
    • Improved: When pasting an image, Paint.NET will be smarter about ensuring it is placed within the area that has been scrolled/zoomed to.
    • Improved: Performance and quality of the Curves and Hue/Saturation adjustments.
    • Improved: Some minor improvements to memory usage, which should help out a few scenarios on 32-bit systems.
    • Fixed: Copy-paste from a Remote Desktop session will no longer be ‘shifted’ by 3 pixels.
    • Fixed: Copy-paste from Internet Explorer, Firefox, or Chrome should preserve alpha/transparency.
    • Fixed: Copying from Paint.NET and pasting into Windows Live Writer should now work.
    • Fixed: Taking a full-screen screenshot with Print Screen on a multimonitor system, where those monitors don’t form a simple rectangle, will now fill the ‘gap area’ with transparent instead of black. (Example: two monitors of the same size, one of which is rotated by 90 degrees)
    • Fixed: If Paint.NET is opened without specifying an image to open, and then the default image is modified and saved, then Paint.NET will no longer close that image upon opening another one. This was causing
      data loss if that default image had layers, and was then saved in a format that did not support layers (anything other than .PDN).
    • Fixed: Some systems were showing ‘red X’ thumbnails for .PDN files in Windows Explorer, instead of the real thumbnail.
    • Fixed: The EXIF “Creation Software” saved along with images is no longer localized. This prevents certain languages from seeing “Paint.NET ????? v3.5.6” in the image properties (metadata).

OS: Windows 2000/XP(SP3)/2003/Vista/7

License: Freeware

Homepage: http://www.getpaint.net/

Download: http://www.dotpdn.com/files/Paint.NET.3.5.6.Install.zip

Partition Assistant

Partition Assistant

Partition Assistant is a comprehensive disk partition management solution, which includes a Partition Manager and Extend Partition Wizard for Windows 7/XP/2000/Vista and Server 2008/2003/2000.

Besides, the magic partition manager software can support all hard drives recognized by Windows such as IDE, SATA, SCSI, Hardware RAID, USB external disks, Fire wire disks etc, as well as Partition Assistant provides powerful and professional features to manage disk drive including:

  • Attractive Operation: Extend NTFS system partition without restarting.
  • Resize and Move Partition: Adjust your partition size without data loss.
  • Extend Volume, Shrink Volume, Merge Partition, Split Partition.
  • Create Partition, Delete Partition, Format Partition. Permanently wipe sensitive data to anti-recovery.
  • Convert file system, Hide/Unhide Partition.
  • Set drive label, Change/Remove drive letter. Set active partition, Check error and Test disk bad sectors.
  • Wipe hard drive, Wipe Partition. As a partition manager, Partition Assistant is a partition magic alternative.

It has been widely used by many companies as well as individuals all around the globe with fine reputation, and the Home Edition is absolutely free of charge for personal users. You will be amazed by its cool functions and would like to recommand to your friends after you try our top-notch technologies.

License: Freeware

Homepage: http://www.extend-partition.com/

Download: http://www.extend-partition.com/download/PAssist_Home.exe

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